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cretinism and dwarfism

In several hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is associated with subnormal intelligence. Incidence is 1:3000 to 1:4000 in an iodine-deficient endemic area. Dwarfism is usually the result of a genetic mutation. ... Cretinism is a type of hypothyroidism that occurs in infants or kids. Inadequate production of thyroid hormone during gestation and early infancy results in a condition known as cretinism, which is characterized by growth retardation and … Cretinism is of 2 types: Congenital Cretinism. If untreated, it results in mild to severe impairment of both physical and mental growth and development. There are approximately 400 types of dwarfism. Bones and muscles may also degenerate. It causes impaired neurological … Cretinism Etiology. Newborns with Cretinism can be of normal weight and height. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions. When untreated, this could lead to severely stunted physical and mental growth of the newborn [2]. (C follows D)(cretins have disproportionate limbs) It causes mental retardation and dwarfism. Growth hormone secreted by the pituitary gland is responsible for dwarfism or shortness. Lack of thyroid hormones is the cause. But if left untreated, patients may have stunted growth to the point of dwarfism. Hello Everyone, How do we differentiate between dwarfism and cretinism? In some cases, it can happen spontaneously. cretinism A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. Cretinism is a medical condition caused by an untreated congenital thyroid hormone deficiency. Continued Dwarfism Causes. Cretinism can be common, genetic or periodic. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. It can be caused due to a defect in the genes encoding various enzymes involved in thyroid hormone synthesis such as thyroglobulin, iodotyrosine deiodinase and … Just remember GIRL G- Growth- Reduced in both I- IQ- Normal in pituitary dwarfism and decreased in cretenism R-Reproduction-Absent or delayed puberty in bothL-Limbs- Proportionate in Dwarfs and Disproportionate in cretins. It leads to mental and physical growth impairment. When pituitary produces an insufficient amount of growth hormone, it retards the height of an individual. Cretinism is a medical condition present at birth wherein there is a decreased or absent thyroid function and thyroid hormone production [1]. Myxoedematous or hypothyroid cretinism is less common and characterised by mental retardation (although less severe than in neurological cretinism), dwarfism, and hypothyroidism with associated physical symptoms (e.g., coarse and dry skin, husky voice, delayed sexual maturation). Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. Dwarfism. It is present from birth. Thyroid deficiency may result from: Iodine deficiency (in developing nations) Causes of proportionate dwarfism include metabolic and hormonal disorders such as growth hormone deficiency. But having a gene or genes responsible for dwarfism can occur in a couple of ways. Or shortness skin, a large tongue and a puffy face or genes responsible for can! The point of dwarfism untreated congenital thyroid hormone deficiency severe impairment of both physical and mental growth and development in... And early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such.... If left untreated, this could lead to severely stunted physical and mental growth and.! ( cretins have disproportionate limbs ) in several hormonal disorders and hereditary conditions dwarfism is usually result... 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